During design of your home lots of factors has to be considered in order to make it more habitable and comfortable.
6 Factors influencing design of a home.
Thease factors are:
- SITE CHARACTERISTICS: site characteristics entails topography, prevailing wind, nature of soil and climatic factors.while Topography determines weather the building shall have normal foundation if the site is fairly level or stepped foundation and split level if the site is slopy. The nature of the soil particularly, difficult soils with settlement problems deserve special foundation footing. The prevailing wind and solar radiation influences the orientation of buildings. Climatic factors such as temperature, humidity and air-velocity may also influence the choice of materials that would resist adverse effect of climat induced elements such as thermal movement, moisture movement and resistance to chemical attack.
- TOWN PLANNING AUTHORITY REGULATIONS: This also influences the design of building in terms of set backs, coverage area, and air space around the building and easments. furthermore, it also influence the minimum standards in working and living spaces of individuals as well as providing buildings that shall ensure the safety and health of the occupants.
- MATERIALS: The availability of materials in the locality also influence building design. The specification of materials outside the locality may increase the cost of procuring buildings. It is better to design building with particular attension to available local materials.
- LABOUR: Where skill labour is not readily available in the locality, it means bringing labour from outside. And where there is cost constraints, it is advisable to design buildings with local labour in mind.
- CULTURE: Culture differs from one place to the other so also is the design of building that will suit cultural differences. for example;The design of buildings for a Moslem culture entails seperating the female occupants from male visitors and building are designed accordingly. In Christain societies that are more liberal may require a different approach in the design of buildings since there is relative interactions between males and females.
- CLIMATE: In areas where there is high rainfall, temperature and humidity, buildings require steep roofs to drain rainwater, adequate window opening for ventilation and relatively longer eave projections or over hangs to reduce the admission of solar radiation into the building room space. Conversely, in areas with low rainfall, high temperature, low humidity and high wind velocity, flat roof may be suitable. The size of window openings may also be reduced to conserve energy during the cold periods as well as reducing the impact of excessive wind velocity which sometimes carry dust into the internal room space.
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